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Labels: Androgen Insensivity Syndrome
AIS: Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome. There are two forms known as Complete AIS (CAIS) and Partial AIS (PAIS).
amenorrhoea (alternate spelling amenorrhea): abnormal suppression or absence of menstruation
androgens: the general term for any one of a group of hormones which govern the development of the sexual organs and the secondary sexual characteristics of the male
carrier: a person that carries, but does not express, a gene for a particular recessive trait http://androgeninsensitivity.blogspot.com/
chromosomes: threadlike strands of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of cells that carry the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information
endocrinologist: a medical doctor who studies the endocrine system, hormones and disorders of the endocrine system
gonad: an organ that produces gametes (germ cells), especially a testis or ovary
gonadectomy: surgical removal of the gonads (sex glands). In AIS, this is the removal of the testes. http://androgeninsensitivity.blogspot.com/
HRT or Hormone Replacement Therapy: technically this is the replacement of both oestrogen (estrogen) and progestogen by tablet, injection or transdermal patch. Sometimes this term is used even though the only hormone being replaced is oestrogen.
inguinal hernia: A hernia is the protrusion of any organ through the wall of the cavity that holds it. In AIS, an inguinal hernia is the protrusion of the testes through the inguinal canal.
intersex state or intersexualilty: the condition resulting from faulty sex differentiation during the development of the foetus
Mullerian ducts: either of two embryonic tubes that become the uterine tubes, uterus and part of the vagina in the female and that form the prostatic utricle in the male
orchid: a plant that takes its name from the Greek word "orchis" which means "testes." Orchids were so named because of the resemblance of their root bulbs to testes. What emerges from this seemingly masculine looking root, however, is the beautiful flower known as an orchid. http://androgeninsensitivity.blogspot.com/
osteoporosis: a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly
phenotype: a person's physical characteristics as determined by the interaction between his or her genotype-quota of genes-and the environment
Wolffian duct: a duct in the embryo that becomes the vas deferens in the male and forms vestigial structures in the female
Labels: androgen insensitivity syndrome
Some AR mutations with mildly reduced sensitivity cause mild undervirilization. These men have normally formed internal and external genitalia but often a small penis. Androgenic body hair may be sparser than unaffected relatives. Ejaculate volume may be reduced, though sperm density is normal. Few examples of this variant of AIS have been reported, but unlike the previously listed phenotypes, many of these men are fertile. Also, individuals with this condition may experience gynecomastia during puberty.
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) video from youtube. Very good video about AIS disease . it is a genetical and complicate disease.
another interesting video about AIS : http://abcnews.go.com/video/playerIndex?id=5544655
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome information.. Androgen insensitivity video
Links for Androgen insensitivity informatin: at this web page you will see a list of links to additional sites related to Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome and more information about the syndrome.
Human Sex-differentiation Group in Lübeck